Most of us have perhaps scurried past the statue of Dr Samuel Taylor Chadwick, erected in 1873 on the Town Hall squareBolton, with neither a nod nor wink in his direction, let alone as to acknowledge what the statue represents. And although Dr Chadwick was not born in Bolton, but in Urmston, Lancashirehe remains one of Bolton’s most revered and respected individuals.  

Samuel Taylor Chadwick moved to Bolton at the age of 14 to live with his uncle, also a doctor, in the then Sweet Green area of the town; he studied medicine at the University of London in 1828 and became a member of the Royal College of Surgeons (MRCS) (‘Samuel Taylor Chadwick’, 2021). But it is within our town of Bolton where Dr Chadwick achieved many great thingsHe was a doctor, an MP, a philanthropist and a lecturer. He was also extremely charitable and self-funded a number of projects across the borough. He established an eye clinican ear, nose and throat clinic, and became an honorary surgeon at Bolton Royal Infirmary. He was also elected to Bolton Council and fought for better public health provision and built rows of houses for the poor (families who were living in cellar dwellings), including Portugal Street, among others, as shown, here. He was also responsible for establishing a natural history museum in the town’s Queens Park, as Bolton Library and Museum explain, which was the basis of the present Bolton Museum on Le Mans Crescent.   

However, you could say his greatest achievement was establishing and funding an orphanage: Chadwick’s Orphanage, which opened on Bromwich Street in 1874, housing up to 80 orphans at a time, mainly young girls from the workhouses (‘Samuel Taylor Chadwick’, 2021). The orphanage closed in around 1930, and after the second World War the premises were used as a Ministry of Labour hostel known as Chadwick House.  

In the late 1950s, Bolton Technical School occupied the premises, but moved out in 1960. Alas, the building was demolished in around 1963, but the charity, founded by Dr Chadwick known as The Chadwick Educational Foundation, continues to offer educational support for schoolchildren and students of Bolton to this day.  

Dr Chadwick was married to Ann Nee Hall, a wine merchant’s daughter, but both their children died young, so they decided to dedicate their lives to charity, hence Chadwick’s Orphanage and the educational charities.  

Dr Samuel Taylor Chadwick was laid to rest together with his wife and children at the Parish Church, Bolton, in 1876.  

Samuel Taylor Chadwick Died: 3 May 1876 and was buried, together with his family, at Saint Peter Churchyard, Church Bank, Bolton. Bolton Parish Church Gravestone. Photo Credit: BillionGraves. Photography supplied by George (surname unknown) on June 20, 2013


Anon. (1905?) Chadwick’s Orphanage, Bolton. [Online photograph] Available at: <> [Accessed 8th March 2021].

Anon. (Unknown) Chadwick Orphanage. [Online photograph] Available at: <> [Accessed 20th March 2021]

Bolton Library and Museum Services. (2021) The Rise and Fall of the Chadwick Museum. [Online] Available at: <> [Accessed 16th March 2021]. 

Children’s Homes. (2021) Chadwick’s Orphanage, Bolton, Lancashire. [Online] Available Online at: <> [Accessed 16th March 2021]. 

Charities Commission. (2021) [Online] Available at: [Accessed 17th March 2021].

Family Search [Online] Available at: [Accessed 16th March 2021] 

French, David. (2021) Richard Knill Freeman, Bolton Architect. [Online] Available at: <> [Accessed 16th March 2021] 

George. [Surname unknown] (2013) Grave of Dr Samuel Taylor Chadwick [Online Photograph]. Available at: <> [Accessed 8th March 2021].

Higginbotham. P. (1905) Chadwick’s orphanage from Bridgeman Park, Bolton. [Online photograph] Available at: <> [Accessed 8th March 2021]

Mercier, C. (1863) Dr Samuel Taylor Chadwick [Oil on canvass] Available at: [Accessed 8th March 2021].

Ordnance Survey. (Unknown) Bolton Park [Online] Available at: <> [Accessed 20th March 2021].

‘Samuel Taylor Chadwick’ (2021). Wikipedia. [Online] Available at: <> [Accessed March 25th 2021].